Active in twilight and during nights. Diet consists mostly of plants around its range. Skilled climber and jumper. Pregnancy lasts around 111 days and can have up to two litters in a year. Kits can see and are able to move immediately after birth. Kits will suckle around 6-8 weeks. Lives up to 10 years in wild and in captivity can reach up to 20 years of age. Chinchilla fur was already appreciated by the Incas. Poaching and illegal captivation has caused this species to disappear from its original habitat.