Przewalski’s wild horse
Equus caballus przewalskii
PRZEWALSKINHEVONEN eli AASIANVILLIHEVONEN
The last surviving wild horse in the world used to occupy in the steppe and plateau areas in Central Asia. Extinct in the wild – the last wild survivor was seen on the Gobi plateau in 1968. Extinction was caused by hunting, domestic animals grazing on the same feeding and drinking areas, which cause the wild horses to move to drier areas without enough water and cross-breeding with domestic horses. All today’s individuals are descendant’s from the last 13 surviving Przewalski’s wild horses. Fortunately the international cooperation has been successful and the species has been reproducing well and it has been reintroduced to the original areas.
Przewalski’s wild horses live in small herds that is led by a stallion. There is a strict hierarchy between the mares in the herd. Young stallions are driven away by the leading stallion. They feed on grass and other plants. Their hearing and seeing is excellent and summer coat is shorter and lighter than the winter coat. Mares carry from 11 to 12 months and one foal is born in April-May. Rutting season starts after 7 to 8 days after the foal has born.