Capra falconeri heptneri
TADŽIKI MARKUUR ehk TADŽIKI KEERDSARVKITS
ТАДЖИКСКИЙ ВИНТОРОГИЙ КОЗЁЛ или МАРХУР
The name of this sturdy mountain goat with long gorgeous hair on the chest derives from Persian and means “snake-eater”. It may refer both to the corkscrewing horns and the stunted alpine plants, which the markhor feeds on and which are reminiscent of snakes’ winding bodies.
Markhor inhabit scrubby mountainsides of Central Asia. The critically endangered subspecies Tadjik markhor occurs in a few isolated populations in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan and Afghanistan. Total number: >700, ↓
The Tadjik markhor occupies cliffside habitats in sparsely wooded regions at altitudes ranging from 2,000–2,200 m in winter up to 4,000 m in summer. It avoids deep snow. The markhor are on verge of extinction because of uncontrolled hunting (for trophies, meat and horns for Asian medicine market) and displacement by domestic livestock.
International studbook for the Tadjik markhor is kept by Helsinki Zoo.
The horn length of an adult male is up to 95 cm.