Ovis vignei arkal
The Transcaspian urial occurs in Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Afghanistan.
Preferring gentle mountain slopes and plateaus, the graceful and high-legged urials are adjusted to moving deftly on rolling terrain. As the areas of their range are overgrazed by domestic livestock, the numbers of urials have drastically declined.
The Transcaspian urial is threatened by poaching, encroachment on habitat by livestock, breakdown of the nature reserve system. Total number: >5,000?, ↓
The horn length of an adult male is up to 110 cm.